Spine surgery as a treatment for spinal stenosis caused by a herniated disc
Back pain is something that affects all of us at some point in our life. It can appear as a slight discomfort or even a more acute pain that prevents us from making certain movements with ease. In severe cases this pain can affect your daily life as simple tasks can become very complicated and annoying.
Although we associate these pains with overexertion, we can suddenly suffer an injury simply by bending our back or after staying in a bad posture for a long time.
What is spinal stenosis and how is it diagnosed?
When we talk about spinal stenosis we refer to the narrowing of the spinal canal, the space through which the spinal cord and neurological tissue pass. These tissues are subjected to unusual pressure as the available space is reduced.
Although in most cases this reduction is caused by a degeneration of the adjacent tissue, which is a fairly common pathology in people over 50 years of age, it is also possible that it is due to an accident or a traumatic blow.
If you suffer from pain or discomfort after walking for a while or even tingling in the legs, arms, hands, it is important that you go to a doctor to carry out a study and the necessary tests for a correct diagnosis. In general, these tests consist of a previous evaluation of the symptoms presented by the patient, complemented by an X-ray. In many cases, an MRI is also required, especially if you suffer from a herniated disc.
Arthrosis, hernias, and other causes of spinal stenosis
As we have already mentioned, in most cases the cause of suffering spinal stenosis is the changes due to wear and tear suffered by the spine, fundamentally related to arthrosis.
Although, it is also very common that this problem is caused by a herniated disc that presses on this neurological tissue located inside the vertebrae. According to the head of the Spine Surgery Unit in the Hospital Universitario HM Montepríncipe, approximately 80% of the population will suffer from a herniated disc or low back pain throughout their lives. This data is extracted from the progressive increase of these diseases during the last years
Treatments for a spinal stenosis
Although in many cases surgery is the best option for the patient, it is always a question of avoiding it by starting treatment with rehabilitation techniques and orthopedic treatments such as electrotherapy, mesotherapy, and kinesitherapy. All this is supported by the use of drugs to relieve the patient's pain and symptoms.
When we talk about cases in which the patient suffers from greater pain, more aggressive treatments are used, such as radiofrequency or lumbar arthrodesis.
Lumbar herniated disc operation step by step
Postoperative advanced spinal endoscopy
With the innovative technique devised by the Institute of Advanced Spine Surgery, after a few hours of the operation, the patient can walk away with hardly any pain, only with a scar of a couple of centimeters. As it consists of an ultra-minimally invasive technique, possible postoperative problems are reduced to something residual. The patient goes home after waking up from the effect of the anesthesia used during the surgery.
During the first week after the operation, the patient recovers his daily routine in a normal way, being able to practice normal sports after approximately a month and a half after the surgery.